Leading with Care is "A Policy for Ensuring a Climate of Safety for Children, Youth and
Vulnerable Adults in The Presbyterian Church in Canada". It is designed to prevent abuse
and protect the vulnerable by providing a safe environment, (including screening of
leaders and teachers); to train and support leaders and teachers and to report any
incidents of abuse, neglect and harm to the appropriate agencies. As an introduction
we offer selections from the guide used to implement the policy at Parkwood Church.
The entire document is available on our site
(in PDF format). Some selections from the Preamble in the document are reprinted here
as an introduction.
Reasons for the Leading with Care Policy
The Leading with Care policy is not about us as individuals. It is about us as a body of Christ
- a denomination - trying to ensure the highest quality of ministry by offering our best to
Christ and working to make sure that the worst does not happen. It is a time for entering the
age of lost innocence, whether real or imagined.
All would agree that we should care for children/youth/vulnerable adults and follow the
ways of Jesus. So, why is this policy necessary? Because children, youth and vulnerable adults
are precious to us and we want to ensure that their teachers and leaders are equipped and
trained in the best ways to nurture their faith journey. We also want to assure them, their
parents and guardians that there is safety in our programs.
While we believe that religious institutions are supposed to be safe places, public media
reminds us that it has not always been so. Despite careful procedures, abuse and unsafe
practices have occurred in congregations where no one would expect it by people no one
would question. To say "It can't happen here" is not supported by what some people have
heard, seen or experienced.
We also know that when vulnerable people are taken advantage of, it dishonours the
name of Christ and the church. It dishonours the good work that many faithful servants have
contributed over many years. Fifty years of faithful ministry could be seriously undermined
by the act of one person. Therefore, our task is to uphold the name of Christ and to protect
the work that has been achieved in our congregations. One way to protect is to make sure we
have policies and procedures in place that, as best we can, provide a safe environment.
The Presbyterian Church in Canada is committed to providing safe environments for all
persons, including children, youth, vulnerable adults, and those who minister to and with
them. The church's ministry includes times of worship, service, study and play in all milieus
(e.g. church courts, congregations, camps) that fall under the jurisdiction of The Presbyterian
Church in Canada. All staff, both volunteer and paid, must support this policy.
The following action statements describe both the reasons for this policy and The
Presbyterian Church in Canada's active commitment to it:
- We will prevent abuse of children/youth/vulnerable adults. Prevention includes
having good processes in place in order to prevent opportunities for abuse, neglect
and harm from arising.
- We will protect the vulnerable in our midst. The Presbyterian Church in Canada
affirms that the protection of all children, youth and vulnerable adults is a spiritual,
ethical and legal imperative.
- We will report incidents of abuse, neglect and harm. Such incidents, wherever and
whenever they are encountered, will be reported immediately to the minister, the
police, and the appropriate agencies in accordance with civil law requirements and
the policies of The Presbyterian Church in Canada.
- We will train and support our teachers and leaders. Many congregations already
have in place a process for recruiting, training, supervising and supporting teachers and
congregational leaders. One of the reasons for this policy is to provide ways for congregations
to begin, continue and/or improve on this process so that teachers and leaders are well trained
and equipped for their ministry tasks.
History of the Policy
The Presbyterian Church in Canada, through its FLAMES Initiative, focused on children, youth
and young adults in 2000. In that year, national staff and the national advisory committee for
children and youth (Covenant Community with Children and Youth) began to draft a policy
for the protection and care of children and youth. This policy arose from an awareness of
the biblical imperative to follow the example of Jesus in assuring that the young, weak and
vulnerable in our midst are cared for, cherished and protected. It also arose from a variety of
practical questions directed to church offices and the national committee over the years such
as these: Does our church have a policy around youth being billeted in private homes? Do
church programs have appropriate ratios of leaders to children? Does the church have
national regulations about sleepovers in church facilities?
The process of developing a draft protection policy began in 2000 and continued to 2005.
The committee and staff for children and youth talked with the Experimental Fund
administrator, the congregation of St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church, Lakeshore, which was
drafting a comprehensive congregational policy and other congregations in Canada which
had drafted their own congregational protection policies. In addition, they looked at
protection policies of other denominations. In 2002, an insurance concern arose when the
insurance broker (Marsh Canada), which covers approximately 200 of our congregations,
required more extensive implementation than was anticipated. In 2002, a draft of a policy
and implementation was prepared by Education for Discipleship staff at national office and
circulated to 100 readers. Further revisions were made and another draft was circulated, by
permission of the 129th General Assembly (2003), to all congregations and presbyteries.
Throughout 2004 changes were made to the draft policy following legal consultation and after
noting some inconsistencies. The latest draft was always available on the church's website
(www.presbyterian.ca/documents) and was clearly labelled and dated. Comments were received
at church offices by January 31, 2005. Over 100 congregations and presbyteries responded with
many suggestions and comments, which caused the policy to move in the direction of its
present form, a more pastoral response to the issue of ensuring safe environments.
The pastoral heart of the policy
This policy is titled Leading with Care because:
- our Lord modelled for us how to lead with care as he healed the sick and infirm, and
welcomed the young, the weak, and the vulnerable
- it is our awareness that some people in our church need special protection
- it affirms our commitment to training and supporting teachers and leaders in our churches
so that children/youth/vulnerable adults will grow in faith and the love of Christ in a climate
In Leading with Care there is a dual focus of safety and prevention, and training and
support of teachers/leaders. In creating a safe environment, the church protects people,
prevents abuse, and, if necessary, reports abuse. Through training, support and evaluation,
ministry is enhanced, enriched and strengthened in The Presbyterian Church in Canada.
In addition to enriching ministry, the policy is also part of our church's outreach and
evangelism. Having this policy in place will be very reassuring to newcomers. While everyone
in the congregation may know each other, a new person entering may not know anyone. He
or she will wisely ask, "Is this a safe environment for my child? What signs do I see that tell me
that safety procedures are in place?"Creating a safe environment must be part of the outreach
plan of a congregation.
Some smaller congregations may object to this policy because they say, "We know
everyone in our congregation." That may be true. But should we know everyone in our
congregation? We would not be able to do that if we were constantly reaching out to new
people. As new people enter our congregational life and want to get involved, we should have a
way of matching their skills and abilities to the ministries we provide. Without some policy in
place, there is no way of knowing whether or not we are placing our children in a safe setting.
Those of us who are established and/or long-time leaders in the congregation must
model for others our willingness to enter a screening process. We cannot expect new people
to go through a screening process that we ourselves are not willing to go through.
Since the intent of this policy is pastoral, not punitive, governing bodies in The
Presbyterian Church in Canada should be guided by the following procedures:
- Ministers and elders will set an example for the rest of the congregation by actively supporting the implementation of the policy.
- Ministers and elders will model to the rest of the congregation their commitment to safety and prevention by agreeing to a Police Records Check if their ministry involves one-on-one counselling or visiting.
- If confidential matters arise in putting the policy into place, the session should handle that information with the same careful respect its members have for all confidential congregational matters.
Biblical and theological foundation
Our concern for the protection and care of all children, youth and vulnerable adults is firmly
grounded in scripture and in our Presbyterian/Reformed view of justice. God calls the church
to seek and establish a climate of justice because it reflects the divine righteousness revealed
in the Bible.
Shower, O heavens, from above,
And let the skies rain down righteousness;
Let the earth open, that salvation may spring up,
And let it cause righteousness to sprout up also:
I the Lord have created it. (Isaiah 45:8)
By myself I have sworn,
From my mouth has gone forth in righteousness
A word that shall not return:
"To me every knee shall bow,
every tongue shall swear."
Only in the Lord, it shall be said of me,
Are righteousness and strength. (Isaiah 45:23-24a)
Even as he lay dying, King David describes his role as leader as grounded in justice. "The
spirit of the Lord speaks through me, his word is upon my tongue. The God of Israel has
spoken, the Rock of Israel has said to me: One who rules over people justly, ruling in the fear
of God, is like the light of morning, like the sun rising on a cloudless morning, gleaming from
the rain on the grassy land." (2 Samuel 23:2-4)
Our Church is called to deal fairly with each other, protect the rights of others and protest
against things that destroy human dignity. Our church's sense of justice is about both rights
In addition to our sense of biblical justice, the second main reason we have as Christians
for a policy such as this is the desire to bear witness in our tradition to valuing people in a
holistic way in our homes, churches and in the world. The Bible gives us examples of the
importance and primacy of family life - the nuclear family and the extended family (Genesis
1:27; Luke 15:11-32; 2 Timothy 1:3-5). In our churches we strive to find a place of significance
for all children, youth and vulnerable adults. Children and youth are not seen as "the church
of the future," but are the "church of today". As adults we acknowledge the valuable gifts they
contribute to the community of faith. Concerning this, Living Faith declares, "The church is
the family of God. Here all should be valued for themselves. We are one body in Christ:
together rejoicing when things go well, supporting one another in sorrow, celebrating the
goodness of God and the wonder of our redemption." (Living Faith: A Statement of Christian
Belief, The Presbyterian Church in Canada, 1984, section 8.2.6)
Third, we are called to provide a protective environment and care for the young and
vulnerable because we believe this is what Jesus would have us do. As Christians we imitate
the example of Christ and aim to stay rooted in his love in all our relationships. The gospels
contain many stories of times when Jesus met and healed children (Matthew 9:18-19, 23-25)
and portrayed them as examples for others (Matthew 19:10-14;Mark 9:33-37). The gospels
have many stories, too, of Jesus' care for vulnerable adults. In Mark's gospel we read about
Jesus healing a man possessed by evil spirits (Mark 1:21-26), a man with leprosy (Mark 1:40-
42), a crippled man (Mark 2:1-12), a dying girl and a sick woman (Mark 5:22-43), sick people
in Gennesaret (Mark 6:53-56), and a deaf man (Mark 7:31-35). We read about Jesus feeding
the hungry (Mark 8:1-9), healing a blind man (Mark 8:22-26), and commending a poor
woman's generosity (Mark 12:41-44). In his Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 5:1-11), Jesus
exhorts us to care for and love strangers, prisoners, and the naked, hungry, thirsty and sick of
the world; these words of Christ himself constitute, as declared in Living Faith, "a call to help
people in need and to permeate all of life with the compassion of God." (Living Faith: A
Statement of Christian Belief, The Presbyterian Church in Canada, 1984, section 9.1.3)
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the entire Leading with Care policy document is available for download
from the PCC website here.